Johannesburg Environment Graduate Jobs and Programmes
Undergraduate environmental science degree programs serve as great preparation for a variety of fascinating and rewarding careers. These careers range from geology to forestry, community outreach to research, environmental management to eco-tourism, and everything in between.
In some of the jobs you may be able to commence with duties without any experience, while others may require further education and experience. Fortunately, if you have a passion to go further academically in your field, you will also be in a very strong position to apply to graduate school.
Employable skills you can gain from your degree
As an environmental science student, you’ll have the chance to acquire a knowledge base and a specific set of skills that are applicable to a variety of environmental science careers.
- An understanding the impact of geography on economic, political and cultural development.
- Awareness of issues such as climate change, population trends, globalization and resource management.
- Ability to measure the use of earth resources through time to understand changing environmental changes.
- Familiarity with principles of resource management.
- Familiarity with the impact that development and tourism have on the environment.
- An understanding of techniques related to conservation and effective land management planning and use.
- Ability to interpret relevant scientific information and data to assist in land-use planning and development.
- Ability to gather and interpret the economic and environmental impact of environmental changes.
- Thorough understanding of geographical principles and statistical techniques.
- Technical skills related to field and laboratory techniques.
- Cartography skills and GIS skills.
- Knowledge of how to interpret and apply scientific principles, relevant legislation, policies and guidelines to environmental, corporate and industrial resource management practices.
Environmental Science Careers: Sectors of Employment
Environmental employment can be classified into three distinct, yet inter-related sectors. Below are the listed sectors and the careers classified according to each:
Sector A: Environmental Protection
- Human & Environmental Health
- Air Quality Protection
- Water Quality Protection
- Land Quality Protection
- Integrated Environmental Management
Sector B: Conservation and Preservation of Natural Resources
- Fisheries and Wildlife Management
- Parks and Outdoor Recreation
- Mining and Energy
- Natural Resources Management
Sector C: Environmental Education, Communications and Research
- Environmental Education
- Environmental Communications
- Environmental Research
- Integrated Management
- Environmental Education
- Communications and Research
Sub-Disciplines of Environmental Science
Below is a brief overview of the sub-disciplines of environmental science (not a comprehensive list). This information can help you narrow your focus concerning possible career field options.
- Economic Geology: The finding and recovering of materials that can be used profitably by humans, including fuels, ores, and building materials. People in this industry usually focus on one area, such as petroleum geology
- Environmental Geology: Includes, but is not limited to, the study of the protection of human health and safety through geological processes.
- Geochemistry: The application of chemistry to the study of earth, its resources, and the cycling of chemicals through its systems.
- Geophysics: The study of the physics of materials such as rocks, minerals, and ice within the fields of petrology, mineralogy, and glaciology, as well as the study of seismology.
- Geomorphology: The study of landforms and landscapes, usually of the changing structure and form of land surface, but can also include the study of the sea floor.
- Human Geography: Involves the study of all phases of human social life in relation to the physical earth. Areas of study include: economic geography, cultural geography, ethnography, urban geography, and demography.
- Hydrology: The study of water on the earth's surface, excluding the oceans.
- Hydrogeology: The study of groundwater and the sources of groundwater.
- Palaeontology: The study of fossil life and the history of organisms' evolution and extinction.
- Petrology: The study of rock formation, composition, alteration and decay.
- Pollution Remediation: The study of pollution preventions well as the remediation of polluted lands and waters. Also includes the study of technologies that would decrease or prevent environmental contamination.
- Sedimentology: The study of sediments and their origin.
- Seismology: The study of the travel of seismic waves through the earth, either man-made or natural
- Stratigraphy: The study of the history of the earth's crust, specifically its stratified (layered) rocks. Concerned with determining age relationships of rocks as well as their distribution in space and time.
- Structural Geology: The study of the form, arrangement, and internal structure of rocks, including their deformation.